December 15, 1798 - December 26, 1851
The History books have been written and rewritten, and every time they leave
out more and more. Edward was undeniably the biggest hero of Texas, known as
the hero of 30 battles, and yet because of his humble attitude the historians
have mostly forgotten about him.
We're going to change that!
|His immediated family||
|Father:||James Burleson||May 04, 1775||Jan. 03, 1836||Dec. 24, 1791|
|Mother:||Elizabeth Shipman||Dec. 24, 1791|
|Wife:||Sarah Griffin Owen|
|Son:||Edward Burleson Jr.||1827|
|Son:||David Crockett Burleson||Sept. 06, 1837|
He not only was the founder of Waterloo, Tx. (which he later renamed Austin in honor of his friend Steven F. Austin), but he also surveyed and founded San Marcos, Tx., started the Texas Rangers (then called the Frontier Rangers), but he was also the Commander in Chief of the Volunteer Army of Texas that forced the surrender of Col. Cos in the Siege of Bexar (the original taking of The Alamo). He then was the leader of the Battle of San Jacinto (under Sam Houston, whom he thought was a drunken coward). When Sam Houston kept ordering retreat after retreat, Edward decided with the agreement of all the Cols. to order an attack on Santa Anna no matter what Sam Houston wanted. Houston only then decided to agree to the attack. Edward's first battalion was the one to make the charge and with the now famous battle cry "Remember The Alamo; Remember Goliad." Santa Anna fled and Burleson and his men captured him, brought him back to Sam Houston and made him sign his surrender. Of course as usual Sam Houston (whom had hurt his ankle) took all the credit. Edward's actions lead to Texas' Declaration of Independence from Mexico. Edward without campaigning became the 3rd Vice President of the Republic of Texas (Sam Houston being President at the time). He ran for President against Anson Jones (whom was part of Sam Houston's camp) and only lost by a narrow margin. Edward, being a humble man, did not want to campaign and only did very little of it at the insistence of his supporters. Jones having Houston's endorsement, thus the support of Houston's voters in much more populated areas of Texas at the time, barely won the vote of his own territory after extensive campaigning. Edward, along with the rest of the statesmen took part in getting Texas annexed as the 28th state of The United States of America. He became the first state Senator and President Pro Tem. After which he joined in the U.S. Army as a Private to launch an attack on Santa Anna in Monterrey Mexico in the Mexican-American War.
When Edward Burleson died of pneumonia on December 26, 1851 (while still a State Senator and President Pro Tem) the entire Texas government shut down and chose to find a burial site just for him that no one had yet been buried in. They chose a site in Austin, Tx. on a small hill. After his burial, which took place on December 28, 1851, the State bought the site and made it the Texas State Cemetery in his honor. Steven F. Austin was later reentered into this site just a few feet away from Edward, along with many others whom fought at Edwards side and under his command.
See much of the Texas History in the Texas Archives, which includes documents to and from Edward Burleson and references to him.
Also, You can read much more history about Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online website.